It can get very hot on the Costa del Sol in the summer and the health risk factors of too much sun and heat include Dehydration, Sun / Heat Stroke and Sunburn.
Dehydration is when your body doesn’t have as much water as it needs.
What Causes Dehydration
You lose water from your body every day by sweating, breathing, urinating, crying etc.
You become dehydrated when you don’t drink enough, or eat enough foods containing water, to replace the fluid you lose in the day.
You lose more water from your body than usual when you experience
- Excess sweating
You are prone to excess sweating in the summer sun, especially when in a hot area, like the Costa del Sol in Spain.
Thirst isn’t always a reliable early indicator of the body’s need for water as many people, particularly adults, don’t feel thirsty until they’re already dehydrated. That’s why it’s important to increase water intake during hot weather or when you’re ill.
Symptoms of dehydration
Symptoms of dehydration are similar to those of heat stroke and include…..
- Extreme thirst
- Infrequent urinating and having much darker urine than usual
- Dry skin
- Feeling Faint / Dizzy
- Rapid heartbeat / fast pulse
- Rapid breathing
- Sunken eyes
- Lack of energy
Symptoms to look for with babies and young children include
- Dry mouth and tongue
- No tears when crying
- Dry diapers for 3 hours
- Sunken eyes, cheeks, soft spot on the top of the skull
- Sleepiness, lack of energy, or irritability
Treatment for dehydration
Self-treatment for mild to moderate dehydration involves rehydrating your body. Drink a rehydration drink, water, juice, or sports drink to replace fluids and minerals.
Aim to drink 2 litres of cool liquids over a 2 to 4 hour period (you should ideally drink at least 10 glasses of liquid a day to replace lost fluids).
Rest and take it easy for 24 hours and continue to drink a lot of fluids.
Most people will start to feel better after a few hours, but it can take as long as 1-2 days to completely replace lost fluids.
Severe dehydration is a medical emergency and needs to be treated immediately.
Be especially careful and vigilant with dehydration in children and babies and if in doubt, for adults and children or if the symptoms are server, you should visit a Doctor or Hospital on the Costa del Sol.
Like heat stroke avoid dehydration by staying cool and in the shade, staying out of the sun during peak sun hours* and drinking plenty of (non alcoholic) liquids.
* On the Costa del Sol the hottest part of the day during the summer is considered to be between 1/2pm – 5/6pm